~427 - 348 BC
Wisdom of the Ancient Sages
Key Ideas & Beliefs
Allegory of the Cave
"How can you prove whether at this moment we are sleeping, and all our thoughts are a dream; or whether we are awake, and talking to one another in the waking state?"
"Any man may easily do harm, but not every man can do good to another."
"He who commits injustice is ever made more wretched than he who suffers it."
"He who is not a good servant will not be a good master."
"Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly,
while bad people will find a way around the laws."
"Hardly any human being is capable of pursuing two professions or two arts rightly."
"Entire ignorance is not so terrible or extreme an evil, and is far from being the greatest of all;
too much cleverness and too much learning, accompanied with ill bringing-up, are far more fatal."
"Death is not the worst that can happen to men."
"Attention to health is life greatest hindrance."
"Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle."
"At the touch of love everyone becomes a poet."
"As the builders say, the larger stones do not lie well without the lesser."
"I have hardly ever known a mathematician who was capable of reasoning."
"All the gold which is under or upon the earth is not enough to give in exchange for virtue."
"A hero is born among a hundred, a wise man is found among a thousand,
but an accomplished one might not be found even among a hundred thousand men."
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